|Casey's Division is circled. The line is the position of Casey's pickets.|
The "X" is the approximate location of J.B. Washington's capture.
From Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, II; 1887, p.227
"During one of the Virginia campaigns, while doing picket duty, he [Anderson] captured Major J.B.Washington of the Confederate army, now and for a number of years past secretary of the Pittsburg and Connellsville branch of the B&O R.R. Major Anderson and Mr. Andrews met in Somerset a few years since, when their recognition was mutual and they spent a pleasant hour talking over their war experience." (Somerset (PA) Herald, October 20, 1897, p.3)
If true, the capture of Washington by Anderson would be a notable occurrence from the battle by
|Picket Duty LOC|
Despite their efforts, Army of the Potomac commander George B. McClellan (based on the questionable account of General Samuel Heintzelman of the Third Corps) chose not to praise Casey's Division for their stand but to disparage them publicly for their retreat after two or three hours of fighting.
Casualties in the 85th Pennsylvania numbered around 30 dead and another 50 or so wounded.
One of the charges made against General Casey was that he was unprepared for a Confederate attack. But in truth, Casey knew the precariousness of his position and was furiously trying to reinforce in anticipation of a rebel attack.
The capture of Washington several hours prior to the battle only served to intensify the Union belief that an attack was imminent.
Many accounts of the Battle of Seven Pines mention Washington's capture, but Anderson's obituary is the only one I have come across that says who captured him.
During the summer of 1863, the 85th Pennsylvania was stationed on Morris Island, South Carolina. After two failed assaults on Battery Wagner at the northern end of the island, the 85th Pennsylvania was tasked with the arduous duty of digging a series of parallels or trenches that approached Battery Wagner. Many were killed and wounded during the digging operation, falling victim to enemy sharpshooters and shelling from five Confederate forts.
After the end of the operation, which resulted in the Confederate abandonment of Battery Wagner,
History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1888
James Barroll Washington, meanwhile, was born in 1839 and was 23 years old at the time of his capture. He was born in Baltimore and was a graduate of West Point where he was a classmate of future General George Armstrong Custer At Seven Pines, after being captured, Washington posed with Custer, then a captain in the 5th Cavalry, for several photos, including the one below.
|Matthew Brady photo of Washington and Custer|
at Seven Pines on the day of Washington's capture LOC
Interestingly, Washington's father, Lewis Washington, also has a prominent place in history. Lewis Washington, a great grandnephew of President George Washington, was one of the hostages taken by radical abolitionist John Brown in 1859 during his infamous raid on the arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. After Brown and his men holed up in the town's fire house with the hostages, it was Washington who pointed out Brown after U.S. Marines broke down the engine house doors and end the standoff.
|John Brown'provisional army with hostages on the left in Harper's Ferry engine house|
Lewis Washington is depicted as the second man from the left LOC